DCO Reservoirs and Fluxes Community member Giuseppe Salerno (Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Italy) with colleagues Pasquale Sellitto (Laboratoire Interuniversitaire des Systèmes Atmosphériques and University of Paris-Est Créteil, France) and Andrew McGonigle (University of Sheffield, UK) have edited a new book, “Volcanic Plumes: Impacts on the Atmosphere and Insights into Volcanic Processes.” The volume covers recent research on volcanic plumes, giving a wide overview of volcanic degassing for volcanologists, geologists, and atmospheric scientists.
“We thought this could be a book for specialists in these fields,” said Salerno, “but also could be a valuable tool for students and postgraduates to approach different topics related to volcanic plumes, from observation, to data collection and processing, to modeling and impacts. So it can be useful for a wide audience.”
Chapters in the book deal with volcanic degassing and will help to constrain the size of carbon flux from volcanoes, as well as that of other gases and particles, and the effect of those emissions on global climate and the environment.
The book also describes some of the tremendous advances that scientists have made in recent years in monitoring and observing the composition of volcanic plumes from both volcanoes’ rims and distal measurements taken remotely from satellites and ground-based instruments. Salerno co-organized the DCO’s 2013 Gas Instrument Sandpit meeting in Etna, Italy to review the state of the art and identify new technologies for volcanic carbon dioxide measurements that could be further developed for volcano monitoring.
“Volcanic degassing plays a key role in magma transport and in the timing of volcanic eruptions observed at Earth’s surface. Moreover, gases are an essential component of the global geochemical cycles that determine the state of the atmosphere and climate,’’ said Salerno. “With rapid advances in technology, volcanologists have the opportunity to observe volcanic degassing and eruptive processes with a new perspective. A novel understanding of gas-magma transport will provide a valuable tool to fine tune models of eruptive mechanisms, refine the global carbon dioxide budget and comprehend the impact of gas-aerosol lifecycles in atmosphere.”
Fellow DCO Reservoirs and Fluxes Community members contributed to the book, including Alessandro Aiuppa, Roberto D’Aleo, Giancarlo Tamburello (all at University of Palermo, Italy), Ulrich Platt, and Nicole Bobrowski (both at University of Heidelberg, Germany).
The book originated as a special issue published in Geosciences. It can be downloaded for free or a print version may be ordered.
Header image: The Stromboli Volcano in Sicily frequently has ongoing explosive activity and degassing from multiple vents within the crater terrace. Credit Giuseppe Salerno. Book cover image: Courtesy of MDPI